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We view the concept of education as the process of gaining or acquiring knowledge, values, beliefs, habits, and skill aimed at making a person useful to society. Ever since the inception of education, scholars have always tried as much as possible to derive strategies and techniques geared towards making studying essentially easy and stress-free as possible. It’s only achievable with the guidance and supervision of educators, even though it is possible for learners to self-educate themselves.

Education can commence in both the formal and or informal settings as long as it follows a special methodology of teaching appreciated by scholars known as pedagogy. The term pedagogy means the method and practice of teaching, especially as an academic subject or theoretical concept. However, as important and useful pedagogy is, it certainly has to move hands in gloves with the curriculum. The curriculum entails the subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college.

The CBC and how it is Structured

To bridge the gap between teaching and learning as well as making the act of studying more fun and enjoyable for all (teachers and learners), the competency-based curriculum (CBC) was born. The (CBC)  highlights multifaceted results of a given learning process, rather than channeling efforts and resources on what the learners are to learn about in terms of traditionally-defined subject content.

Introduced to the United States in the 1960s, the Competency-Based Curriculum came to addressing a wide array of concerns faced by learners. Notably, the fact that most learners at the time were never equipped with the right life skillsets needed to make learners have a successful life after school, making them social misfits. It should, however, be worthy to note that, the structure of the Competency-Based Curriculum (CBC) is to impart knowledge, skills, and attitudes that built broad competencies to solve everyday problems.

Benefits of the CBC for both Teachers and Students

Ever since its inception into the educational sector, the competency-based curriculum has always been geared towards getting the best not just out of the teachers but the students as well. Enclosed below are some points to support these claims well justifying the benefits of the CBC.

To the Teachers 

Some of the benefits of the CBC to teachers include

  • Teachers become skillful in developing appropriate assessment instruments
  • With the aid of the CBC, teachers now possess the ability to respond critically to the curriculum, to educational information technology innovations and pursue a process of continuous improvement in their English language-teaching career and their own learning.
  • The CBC gives the teachers the Know how to create a positive relationship between them and their students.
  • The CBD enables teachers to design lessons that connect to other content areas in the school curriculum.

To the Students 

The CBC has the following benefits to students. Some of which includes

  • With the CBC students are able to build confidence as they succeed in mastering specific competencies
  • Since its inception, the CBC Learning outcomes are more long term, flexible for future skills needs/labor market needs.
  • The CBC is designed to benefit all students, especially for the disadvantaged or special needs students.
  • The CBC is efficient and effective as the teacher is a facilitator of learning as opposed to a provider of information.

The Difference between the CBC and the 8-4-4 System?

Ever since its inception, the structure of the 8-4-4 system provides eight years of primary education, four for secondary and four years for university education. As such, the system lays emphases Mathematics, English, and vocational subjects. Apart from the 8-4-4 system and the CBC, there is also the 7-4-2-3 and the 6-4-2-3 Systems.

  • The 7-4-2-3 System 

The 7-4-2-3 Systemconsisted of seven years of primary education, four years of secondary education, two years of high school and three years of university education except for courses such as architecture and medicine.

  • The 6-4-2-3 System

The 6-4-2-3 Systemconsisted of seven years of primary education, four years of secondary education, two years of high school and three years of university education except for courses such as architecture and medicine.

With that said, enclosed below are some of the Difference between CBC and the 8-4-4 system.

The inception of the CBC system is a bearer of good news. This is because; it embodies as well as brings hope by virtue of individualized learning. As such, unlike the 8-4-4, which is a teaching system, the CBC is a learning system. Unlike the 8-4-4, the CBC considers every learner while trying to unlock and unleash the full potential of the learners. In addition, the CBC offers the learners the flat form to learn as opposed to expecting the teacher to teach. Finally, the CBC completely takes away the pressure of passing an examination away from the learner(s), teachers, and parents, which is contrary to the 8-4-4.

Competences associated with the CBC

Considering the founders of the CBC where all visionaries they envisaged that, at the end of the stipulated learning period, every learner must have obtained certain competencies. They include.

  • Digital literacy
  • Critical thinking and problem solving 
  • Communication and collaboration
  • Citizenship
  • Self-efficacy
  • Learning to learn
  • Imagination and creativity

What Challenges Expected To Be Seen?

Some of the challenge expected to be associated with the inception of the CBC includes the following.

  • The first challenge with the CBC lies in the system’s ability to take an objectivist approach to learn while ignoring the importance of social learning in the process.
  • The second challenge expected to be seen buried in the fact that the CBC focuses on immediate employer needs and is less focused on preparing learners with the flexibility needed for a more uncertain future
  • Like most profitable ventures, financing is sometimes an issue, and with that in mind, the CBC isn’t left behind as a lot of monetary resources are required
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